Occupational Therapists are interested in the daily life activities of people. We regard a person's everyday activities as their occupations. (Occupations are not necessarily paid!). Occupations change throughout a person's life.
Occupations of babies include feeding, sleeping, mastering early motor milestones e.g. rolling, sitting unaided and crawling, developing early social and play skills.
Occupations of toddlers include play (exploratory, social, functional, pretend, imaginary & creative), mastering toileting, walking and independent feeding, helping with dressing and household chores.
Occupations of pre-school children include play, building friendships, tackling more complex movement challenges e.g. riding a bike/scooter or drawing, and becoming more independent with self-care tasks such as using the toilet, washing hands and brushing teeth.
Occupations of primary school children include school skills such as sitting still, handwriting, scissor skills, asking for help, coping with sensory demands of the classroom, looking after own belongings, making friendships, participating in individual and team sports, mastering a musical instrument and using art materials. Home occupations of this age-group include using a knife and fork to eat, bathing independently, having a better understanding of danger, telling the time, understanding money, requiring less supervision by adults, completing homework, riding a bike, caring for a pet and involvement in community/sporting groups.
Occupations of secondary school students include handwriting, typing, moving between multiple classrooms, having the correct materials for each lesson, maintaining focus during lessons, participating in sporting, cultural, voluntary and community activities, making decisions regarding future study/training, cooking a meal, further independence over household chores e.g. laundry, and carrying out simple repairs.